Transport and Mobility
The transportation system, which has been a significant element in shaping the city's macroform from past to present, has begun to offer a much wider range of mobility opportunities to people through developments in technology. Mobility is one of the main dynamics of urbanization leading to the fact that each supply for mobility demand affects the land use structure, urban population mobility and spatial dimensions of the city. Among the solutions for mobility demand, the most developed one is highway-based system, which is evident in increased personal vehicle ownership. The total number of vehicles, which is currently over 1 billion, is expected to reach 2.5 billion by 2050. Another consequence of this situation will be the urban sprawl which has been exerting pressure on civic infrastructure as well as municipal services in relation to the population growth in cities.
In 2017 an estimated 50% of the world's population lived in urban settlements, a proportion that is expected to increase to 70% globally by 2030, leading to expansion of urban areas such that urban areas are projected to be doubled by 2020 compared to 2000. Such population accumulation in urban areas has an impact on the quality of urban life making it more likely to increase the demand for mobility and transportation. Increased private car ownership and underdevelopment public transport solutions also affect the economy of cities and lead to local and global environmental problems.
Mobility enables individuals to participate in society; however, this requires access to eco-friendly and affordable public transport options. Moreover, transport and mobility play an important role in ensuring the sustainable development of cities and wellfare of the community. What has been determined as one of the main objectives of "Sustainable Cities and Communities" the eleventh of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals is “to provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons by 2030.”
All these data and objectives reveal the impact of transportation and mobility-oriented planning on the economies of the countriy, development of cities and human life. “Transportation and Mobility”, one of the themes within the framework of MARUF, aims to discuss human-oriented transportation solutions in cities with the experts of the subject.
|Putting people first: Towards people oriented transport and mobility||1 October 2019||14:00 - 15:30||Beylerbeyi 1|
|How to institutionalize public transport effectively||2 October 2019||11:00 - 12:30||Emirgan 1|